Top of the flocks - Strong genetics key to Anden Stud success
The high performance of Anden Stud at Woomelang is the result of the hard work and vision of generations of dedicated Donnan family farmers. Whilst Andrew and Denita Donnan’s farming business spread over 3,800 hectares is a mixed enterprise, they’ve built their reputation as sheep breeders, being early adopters of new technology and leaders in the industry. The property is located in Victoria’s Mallee region, the heartland of broadacre farming in the state, and is home to the Anden White Suffolks, Anden Ultra Whites and Kerangie Suffolks stud operation. Andrew says the stud runs about 600 breeding ewes on the farm, typically White Suffolks, but the Ultra White numbers have been built up in recent years. Currently breeding ewe numbers are 250 each for Ultra Whites and White Suffolks and there are also 95 pure Suffolk ewes on the property. “We’ve been increasing the sheep numbers in the operation over the past 20 years. We have been working on producing a consistent line of composite White Dorper/Poll Dorset cross rams for several years with the aim being to produce an easy-care, shedding ram with low to moderate birth weights with a strong structure that are able to do well in any condition,” Andrew says. Donnan family involvement in farming spans several years. In mid-2000, the Poll Dorset Stud, Viewdale was introduced back to the Donnan farm. Viewdale, Flock 368, was originally founded and registered in 1960 by Andrew’s grandfather and father, George and Stan Donnan. It went into a recess in the early 1980s before being reactivated in 2006. Whilst the introduction of the Ultra Whites in 2016 was the last time Poll Dorsets were sold in the Anden Stud sale, Andrew still acknowledges the part the genetics from the Viewdale Poll Dorset Stud has played in the development of the Anden Ultra Whites breeding program. “The breeding has come from the result of using high performance Dorper and Ultra White sires over our best performing Poll Dorset ewes,” Andrew says. The Donnans are aiming for “easy care” goals such as good shedding ability, fertility, milking and mothering instincts and low/moderate birth weights. Good growth and sound structure, muscling and high yielding carcass across medium-heavy weight carcasses, the right amount of fat, and the ability to maintain exceptional do-ability and hardiness of the Dorper breed are also attributes they are striving for. Pure Suffolks, those with black faces, came back to Anden in 2010 when Kerangie Flock 2187 was re-activated. Whilst Andrew comments, it’s perhaps a “hobby” to breed the Suffolks, years of genetic selection and hard work has gone into this program. All three sheep breeds are sold in a combined on-property sale the first Thursday of October each year, attracting buyers within a 250km drive of the farm. What doesn’t make the cut is sold over the hooks or at the Bendigo and Warracknabeal saleyards. The Donnans operate a split mating operation, which has lambs dropping in June and August. “We get a couple of hundred lambs in a week when in the thick of it,” Andrew says. Andrew’s flock has been artificially inseminated for the past 15 years, one of the first in Australia and also uses embryo transfers, with all the semen purchased on our own shores. When it comes to selecting genetics, he spends a lot of time keeping up to date with what’s available and regularly visits studs to view genetics and the rams available. He doesn’t sell his rams’ semen regularly, but is open to it if the opportunity arises. Andrew says whilst there have been advances in artificial insemination techniques over the past 15 years, scanning results had actually decreased.
“We don’t know if it’s a change to some of the medicines that goes into the sheep or something else. The other theory is that hybrid animals are harder to breed from,” he says. This use of artificial insemination means that Andrew has a surprisingly small number of rams on the farm – generally just one of each breed to be used as mop up rams. “I generally just use ram lambs - it’s better for genetic gain,” he says. Ewe lambs are given an opportunity to join at about eight months old. He says the percentages of maiden ewes of that age varied a lot, sometimes as low as 25 per cent, and the remainder of the flock are mixed aged ewes. The most important indicator for maiden ewe success is weight, according to Andrew. “We have to supplementary feed them this time of year normally,” he says. In the second week of April he was able to let them into a paddock with green feed – a pleasant surprise due to some recent rain events. A key LambPlan figure they have increased over the years is the post weaning weight, lifted from a score of 12 to 17 to 18 across all breeds on the property. It’s taken many years to achieve, but Andrew says faster growing lambs is a much sought after trait for both himself and his clients. He believes it’s particularly important in the Mallee, where farmers were constrained by a short growing season – typically from the second week of May for just four to five months. The recent rains have also buoyed confidence in the cropping enterprise, with 2,500ha of wheat, barley, oats and vetch sown each year on the property. The Donnans had sown 320ha of feed by the first week of April - a mixture of Morava vetch and Winterroo oats. They will start cereal sowing after Anzac Day this year - more Winteroo Oats, Spartacus barley and Scepter wheat. They are also trialling Yallara oats. The oats and barley will be grazed.
He says, if done right, grazing sheep on crops doesn’t take away anything from yields, as long as they are taken out at the right time, and in some cases he believes it can improve it. Even though 2019 was a bumper year, there was still no spring with the growing season being cut out in September for the past 10 years. Moisture from earlier in the year held the crops on to finish, and a cooler spring assisted, but the last “spring” was in 2016. Whilst rainfall average for the area is 320mm, the past two growing seasons they’ve recorded 180mm or 200mm, but despite the lower numbers, Andrew says last year’s harvest results were good. Their wheat yielded 3.2t/ha to 4t/ha and the barley 2.8t/ha to 4t/ha. “We have changed farming so much in the past 10 years, it’s difficult to know what an average is anymore. Timing and sowing earlier, dry sowing if it hasn’t rained… We make sure we get all the crops in before the end of May – it’s vital in our district. We concentrate on summer spraying to preserve moisture and direct drilling the past 10 years has also been a game changer for us too,” Andrew says.
The Donnans are big supporters of the Woomelang’s North West Ag branch – Andrew has been supporting the store for 45 years and his father and grandfather before him did as well. Now his sons Joel and Trent are the fourth generation to support the branch throughout its many owners. Trent, 26, returned home last year and has joined Joel, 30, in running the farm with their parents. “It’s so much easier, I don’t need to go working half the night now,” Andrew laughs. “Your own children work more than an employee because they have more enthusiasm for it, they’re more invested.”
He also says having the next generation who could take advantage of new technology he didn’t understand was invaluable to the farm. He’s proud of what his sons can do and knows the farm will now keep getting better each year. “Last year was the first year Trent was home for harvest, so this year will be a massive gain having that experience,” he says. The Donnans’ five children had all left the nest and Andrew and Denita had lived on the farm on their own for a while. Denita has the “handy role of all mothers and is also the bookkeeper” carefully keeping all the stud’s records, spanning several years. In recent times, Joel and his wife Lauren have lessened her load by taking on the stud’s LambPlan data entries and refreshing the Anden Stud website and social media. Joel and Lauren’s children Leni, 4 and Arlo, 2, are being raised on the property, which is an absolute delight for their grandparents. Trent’s partner Brigette is a teacher and lives in the house across the road with him as well. Their other children work off farm including Ashlee, 28, who has her own business in the disability support space in Melbourne, Kane, 24, who is a qualified builder at Swan Hill and Wade, 20, who is a third year apprentice builder in Melbourne. The Donnans say Wade and Kane may eventually choose to return home to the farm, whilst Ashlee is building her business and has settled in Melbourne with husband Laurence. “We’re the ones left of about 20 Donnans that started here over the past 102 to 103 years,” Andrew reflects. “I don’t know why I’m the only one left, we started out in the worst situation.” His grandfather had four brothers and a sister and they branched out everywhere, but for Andrew, farming was always the ambition. “I guess I just always wanted to be involved in farming,” he says. His toughness and determination has been evident since he was young. Andrew got the nickname Bruiser when he was just 12 and used to play under 16’s football. He says he bruised as easily as a nickname sticks for decades in rural communities. This determination has led to some big accomplishments in his sheep breeding career. In 2016, Anden Stud broke the record for the highest price paid for a meat ram in Australia with a $68,000 price achieved for a White Suffolk ram. It went to a stud at Streaky Bay. Anden Stud has also enjoyed great success at shows, most recently taking out the supreme champion white suffolk exhibit at the 2019 Royal Adelaide Show. At the same event the stud was also awarded Reserve Champion of all Breeds, Grand Champion White Suffolk Ram and Junior Champion White Suffolk Ram. And, what’s a sheep farm without a good sheep dog? Andrew places great value on the importance of having the right working dog, recently paying $21,000 for two-year-old black and tan male kelpie “Ace” at the Jerilderie Dog Auction. He says he copped a bit of flack for paying $3,000 for a border collie 10 years ago, but Andrew knows that “Boss” was worth that and much more. Now, with the next generation home working on the farm, the Donnans continue to progress their chosen breeds. “We can always improve. We’re trying to get more muscle in lamb without it getting too tough to eat. We’re always after better tasting lamb with better eating quality,” he says. For Andrew, the greatest pleasure of years of breeding sheep is when he hears great results from clients. “As I’m getting older now, I get a lot of joy out of people selling good lambs and getting good prices from them,” he says. “They’ll call and say ‘they weighed heavier than I thought they would’. When you’re having a bad day, a call to tell you this really turns it around.”